TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema <p>Tema -&nbsp;Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment&nbsp;offers researches, applications and contributions with a unified approach to planning and mobility. From 2016, TeMA is a scientific journal in A category by ANVUR (excellent scientific journal according to Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes). TeMA Journal has also received the <em><a href="http://sparceurope.org/">Sparc Europe Seal</a></em> for Open Access Journals released by <a href="http://www.sparceurope.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition</em> (SPARC Europe)</a> and the <a href="http://www.doaj.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Directory of Open Access Journals</em></a> (DOAJ)</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following:</p> <p>1. Authors retain the rights to their work and give in to the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons License - Attribution</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work indicating the authorship and the initial publication in this journal.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <p>2. Authors can adhere to other agreements of non-exclusive license for the distribution of the published version of the work (ex. To deposit it in an institutional repository or to publish it in a monography), provided to indicate that the document was first published in this journal.</p> <p><br>3. Authors can distribute their work online (ex. In institutional repositories or in their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges and it can increase the quotations of the published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>)</p> <div class="separator">&nbsp;</div> <h3>&nbsp;</h3> direttoreresponsabile.tema@unina.it (Rocco Papa) redazione.tema@unina.it (TeMA Staff) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:22:37 +0000 OJS 2.4.8.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial Preface: TeMA Journal of Land Use Mobility and Environment 2 (2020) http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7135 Rocco Papa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7135 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Berlin mobility lab Flaniermeile Friedrichstrasse http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6785 <p>In Berlin, measures that promote cycling and walking have moved up the political agenda and gained momentum over the last couple of years. This is in parts due to the strong involvement of civil society actors in designing, planning and implementing said measures. This article will use one of the measures planned in Berlin, as an example to illustrate the benefits and potential of cooperative planning and civic involvement in the design and implementation of drastic sustainable transport measures in cities. Cycling and walking are vital to achieving “Tomorrow’s Cities”, a vision developed by the German Environment Agency. Tomorrow’s City avoids unnecessary traffic. It is quiet, compact, green, climate-friendly and dominated by mixed-use developments. However, drastic measures changing the status quo are necessary to achieve this vision. This article argues that allowing for more civic participation and involvement and promoting experiments for sustainable mobility in public space help gain support for sustainable mobility in general, as well as the measures needed to achieve this goal. Flaniermeile Friedrichstraße, a mobility lab planned for 2020 at the heart of Berlin, serves as an interesting case of long- term civic involvement, cooperative public experiments translating an idea of sustainable mobility into temporary practice.</p> Stefan Lehmkühler, Alena Büttner, Claudia Kiso, Marco Domenico Schaefer ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6785 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Urban accessibility: the paradox, the paradigms and the measures. A scientific review http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6743 <p>The literature review presented in this paper represents a part of a wider research focused on the elderly quality of life within urban environments and aimed at designing innovative tools for both public administrations and elderly citizens. The article presents a systematic review of the relevant literature regarding the development of the accessibility concept during the 1959-2020 period. Nearly 6,000&nbsp;documents were selected from the Scopus database, using the keywords “urban accessibility” and limiting the results to the fields of Urban Studies and Social Sciences to select the documents for the bibliometric analyses run.&nbsp;They were run in R Studio environment through a tool, developed in 2017, named bibliometrix. These analyses were run to highlight the main traits of the urban accessibility concept and developed methodologies and measures, in order to implement it in real-world practices and tools. The extensive and systematic literature review shows that for many years much of this scientific production has a deep theoretical nature, rather than practical. That was mostly due to difficulties in computing and introducing accessibility measures in decision-making practices. The advent of GIS has made much more practical the development of accessibility-oriented planning tools, and many commercial packages are now available.&nbsp;</p> Carmen Guida, Matteo Caglioni ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6743 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Assessment of land use/land covers changes linked to oil and gas exploration http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6739 <p>Understanding land use/land cover changes(LU/LC) linked to oil and gas exploration under changing climatic conditions in South Lokichar Basin is crucial.This knowledge will&nbsp; inform policy makers on appropriate sustainable vegetation cover management &nbsp;strategies for the sake of &nbsp;pastrolism practiced in the area.The LU/LC changes were assessed using multi-spatial and multi-temporal remotely sensed imageries acquired through Landsat 5TM and Landsat 8OLI/TIRS by use of ArcGIS.The study assessed medium resolution spatial imageries acquired for the area in both rainy and dry seasons,before oil and gas exploration developments begun in South Lokichar Basin between 2006-2011 and after commencement between 2012-2017.The study established that the average area in hectares under vegetation cover had declined since oil and gas exploration developments begun.A one sample t-test statistics indicated that the area under forest,shrubland and grassland cover had significantly reduced at 90% confidence interval with a p-value of 0.072,0.074 and 0.061 respectively.The study established a decline in NDVI from 1 to 0.433 for the rainy season and 0.411 to 0.122 for the dry season between 2006 and 2017 with a p-value of 0.009 &lt;0.05 on paired t-test implying a significant change on vegetation cover.Sustainable management of vegetation cover is important to safeguard livestock forage.</p> David Mugendi Kariuki, Mireri Caleb, Kibwage Jacob, Daniel Oyoo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6739 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 An investigation of challenges in the existing pattern of intra-city traffic in Enugu metropolis http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6797 <p>Cities all over the world are characterized by a set of activities, which account for the concentration of people in them, achievable by means of transportation. However, this integral aspect of urban infrastructure face great challenge in most urban areas. This research examines the challenges in the existing pattern of intra-city traffic in Enugu metropolis. Six neighbourhood make up the study population drawn from three high, two medium and one low residential densities neighbourhoods based on stratified and simple random sampling technique. Data collection instrument were questionnaires administered to 400 respondents. The result of the study indicates that major travel mode within Enugu metropolis is mini buses and tricycles while commuters undergo stress during their trips regardless of the good condition of roads within the metropolis. Furthermore, it highlights traffic congestion during peak period and narrowness of most roads within the metropolis as the main challenge to existing pattern of intra-city traffic. It concludes and recommend for the re-introduction of Non-motorized transport mode of walking and cycling complemented by the Coal city public transit shuttles that once existed. It also advocates for policies that ensure decentralization of activity to reduce congestion and the need for daily travel.</p> Ifeanyi F. Echendu, Francis Okeke, Rosemary C. Nnaemeka-Okeke ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6797 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Back from the future. A backcasting on autonomous vehicles in the real city http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6974 <p>Backcasting is a scenario-building technique that can help decision-makers face uncertain and complex dynamics. For this reason, backcasting is often mentioned as suitable to deal with the transition to autonomous driving. However, at present the applications of backcasting to this transition in real-world cases are quite few. The article presents a backcasting carried out in the city of Turin (Italy), aimed at defining a policy pathway to steer the transition to autonomous driving towards objectives of sustainability and liveability of the city and its neighbourhoods. It reflects on this exercise and highlights some critical issues for backcasting that emerged from its application to autonomous vehicles (AVs). The transition to AVs displays some issues that proved to challenge the effectiveness and the potentialities of implementation of backcasting. These are mainly related to: factors and levels of uncertainty, contextualization of the vision, involvement of relevant stakeholders, definition of the policy pathway. Nevertheless, the exercise showed that some solutions can be adopted to deal with these challenges, in terms of definition of background socioeconomic scenarios, combination of a range of participatory techniques, integration of collaborative and think-tank methodologies, reference to mid-term planning tools. These solutions can support further backcasting exercises for AVs.</p> Luca Staricco, Elisabetta Vitale Brovarone, Jacopo Scudellari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6974 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Building strategic scenarios during Covid-19 lockdown http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6917 <p>Since early spring 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 in Italy caused schools and universities to lock and shift from traditional face-to-face classroom education to online education. In the academic field of spatial planning, online education and examples of on-line participatory process (e.g. e-planning, e-governance, etc.) are traditionally not very frequent. Through the application of an on-line participatory process to build a future vision of Bari (Apulia Region), this study explores elements related to the behavior of the knowledge agents involved in the process and compares them with the application of previous face-to-face classroom examples. The results obtained allow to collect some suggestions not only on the performance of the application in two different times, but also on the potential elements of difference to be associated to the temporal and psychological context related to the diffusion of COVID-19. Since these conditions are clearly exceptional and practically (hopefully) unrepeatable, the results seem to show a mixed perspective of effectiveness for the use of online education to build a future vision of a city.</p> Stefania Santoro, Maria Rosaria Stufano Melone, Domenico Camarda ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/6917 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: An urban rhythmic analysis on people's behaviour before and during the Covid-19 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7051 <p>The emergency of Covid-19 changed the face of our cities, preventing most of the urban activities, limiting travels on large, medium and short distances and drastically reducing the number and the intensity of social relationships.&nbsp;The restrictive measures, imposed to the entire population, sensibly affected the experience of our built environment as well as the assets of pedestrian and cycling network that lead to the achievement of essential urban services.&nbsp;On one hand these limitations drastically imposed a change in the people's habits who spend now more time walking and cycling in absence of any other entertainments; on the other, they have revealed the need of a reorganisation of pedestrians and cycling paths as well as of open spaces. &nbsp;The morphology of these urban spaces are unable to cope with the current social-distancing situation and to adapt to a “new different routine”. Local decision makers face with a new demand of urban space for pedestrian and cycling accessibility which have been so far unexplored.&nbsp;In order to contribute to future planning decisions, the document proposes a comparison between pedestrian flows and accessibility to urban services during the blockade, taking two districts in the city of Aberdeen as a case study. By adopting an urban rhythmic analysis, the selected areas were monitored on a weekly basis during different periods during the days in order to quantify the intensity of the user, the available services and their opening and closing times also change the date obtained from rhythmic analysis they are associated in a GIS environment in order to classify urban areas. Drawn on the concepts of new social distancing and switch of life/working habits as main factors for redesigning the pedestrian and cycling urban spaces, the paper proposes, as a conclusion, specific urban design recommendations in order to deal with emergency situations, such as an outbreak movement limitation.</p> Cecilia Zecca, Federica Gaglione, Richard Laing, Carmela Gargiulo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7051 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 After recovery: towards resilience http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7046 <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships between urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers written by young researchers. The Review Notes are made of five parts: Urban planning Literature Review; Town Planning International Rules and Legislation Overview; Urban Practices, Projects, and Innovative Approach; Framework of Scientific News and Events; Economy, Business and Land Use. Each of these sections examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban Planning Literature Review section aims at presenting recent books and journals, within global scientific panorama, on selected topics and issues. This contribution aims at discussing the main impacts and consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on our lives and urban systems. While for the last issue of TeMA, this section of the journal was dedicated to the emergency phase, according to the new policy and strategic actions aimed at improving the coexistence of the new coronavirus within urban environments, this contribution is focused on how policy makers can enhance urban resilience, in sight of potential new health crisis.</p> Carmen Guida ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7046 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Strategies and guidelines for urban sustainability: the Covid-19 effects on the mobility system in Italy http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7096 <p>The emergency at COVID-19 has changed the face of our cities, preventing most urban activities, limiting travel on large, medium and short distances and drastically reducing the number and intensity of social relationships. The organization of the built environment, combined with the characteristics of the pedestrian network, has taken on greater weight in relation to the restrictive measures that COVID-19 has imposed on entire populations.</p> <p>Social distancing, the limitations of movements allowed almost exclusively for the achievement of the services identified as essential, together with the ban on carrying out certain activities, on the one hand have changed people's living habits and on the other have revealed the need to reorganize quickly the network of canals and open spaces to adapt them to the current emergency situation, but probably also to the conditions of a "different normal". Local decision makers are faced with a new demand for mobility and accessibility by moving in completely unexplored waters.</p> Federica Gaglione ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7096 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Toward greener and pandemic-proof cities: Italian cities policy responses to Covid-19 pandemic http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7047 <p><span style="caret-color: #000000; color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', 'new york', times, serif; font-size: 13px; font-style: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: auto; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration: none; display: inline !important; float: none;">Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of four parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Urban practices section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie the challenges that the cities have to face. The present note provides an overview of the policies and initiatives undertaken by major Italian cities in response to the Covid-19 outbreak.</span></p> Gennaro Angiello ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7047 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Entrepreneurship in the city: the digitalization http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7131 <p>Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always following a rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. This section of the Journal, Review Notes, is the expression of a continuous updating of emerging topics concerning relationships among urban planning, mobility and environment, through a collection of short scientific papers. The Review Notes are made of five parts. Each section examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage within the main interests of TeMA Journal. In particular, the Economy, Business and Land Use section aims at presenting recent advancements on relevant topics that underlie socio-economic relationships between firms and territories. The present note underlines the benefits that entrepreneurship exerts on the city, with a specific focus on the digitalization.</p> Stefano Franco ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://www.bollettinofilosofico.unina.it/index.php/tema/article/view/7131 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000